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Various evaluations or studies or analysis on social-development issues in Indonesia such as strengthening poverty measurement through improved consumption module, tracking post-conflict social condition, and using community rangers in natural resources management


  • Mapping Indonesia's Civil Service

    This report mapping Indonesia's civil service using an original data set constructed from GoI data on all the country’s active civil servants to examine personal characteristics including age, gender, education level (which proxies for skill), and promotions. It addresses two important questions:

    1. Are highly skilled and knowledgeable workers currently being attracted, recruited, and promoted?
    2. Are civil servants from historically underrepresented groups, including women, being given equal opportunities for advancement and promotion?

    The study recommends government action in three policy areas:

    1. Increase promotion opportunities for women and increase their overall representation in senior positions
    2. Distribute skilled civil servants more evenly throughout the country by improving the incentives for highly skilled service providers to rotate into poor and remote regions.
    3. Plan for the upcoming wave of retirements within the civil service by recruiting more women from top universities and hiring medical and teaching staff only from licensed and accredited institutions.

  • Opening Up 10 Years of Micro-data from Indonesia

    Over 16 years, the Local Solutions to Poverty (LSP) has financed technical assistance, analytical and advisory activities, as well as operations that support the Government of Indonesia's implementation of its community-based poverty alleviation platform, including its flagship National Program for Community Empowerment (PNPM Rural) program.

    The program, as with its predecessor the Kecamatan Development Program (KDP), has benefited from a combination of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) activities and rigorous analytical studies carried out by LSP's analytics team in close collaboration with the Government of Indonesia. These studies informed and influenced the operational design of PNPM Rural and related programs, as well as the Government's policy on community-based poverty reduction programs.

    As part of these M&E activities and studies, LSP designed several unique surveys and the National Violence Monitoring System. These datasets, and the accompanying technical documentation and reports, are available on World Bank's microdata catalogue. This brochure showcases these micro-datasets so that governments, researchers and practitioners in Indonesia and globally can use them to inform research on local level development.

    In addition to downloading the booklet, you can directly access the data by clicking the topic below:

  • Social and Environmental Impact of the Community Rangers Program in Aceh

    This report presents the results of a randomized evaluation of the impact of the Community Rangers Program (CRP), a community-based forest protection program implemented in Aceh, Indonesia, in 2011-2014. Fauna and Flora International (FFI) implemented the CRP with funding from the Consolidating Peaceful Development in Aceh (CPDA) Trust Fund of the World Bank. The evaluation was undertaken by a team of independent researchers based at universities in the United States. The CRP therefore had two primary and complementary objectives: (1) to improve the economic and social integration1 of at-risk youths in Aceh by creating an alternative to illegal logging, and (2) to enhance environmental awareness and protection at the community level in Aceh. It aimed to achieve these goals through a set of reinforcing activities in which it identified atrisk youths, trained them to work as forest rangers, and tasked them with undertaking activities designed to promote environmental protection, as well as the youths' standing and integration within their communities. The results show that the CRP succeeded in improving economic outcomes for rangers on a number of dimensions. The economic outcomes of interest included both objective measures of wellbeing (income and household poverty), as well as more subjective measures associated with perceptions of economic status and economic conditions. Overall, the program had positive and significant effects on all subjective measures of economic welfare.

  • Providing Rural Youth in Aceh with an Alternative to Forest Crime : Lessons from the Community Rangers Program 

    The Community Rangers Program (CRP), implemented by Fauna and Flora International (FFI) with a grant from the World Bank-managed Consolidating Peaceful Development in Aceh Trust Fund, provided unemployed rural youth with an opportunity to train and work as environmental stewards. The CRP combined the following two objectives: (1) to improve the economic welfare and social inclusion of participating youth, therefore creating a viable alternative to illegal logging; and (2) to enhance environmental awareness and protection at the community-level in Aceh. This policy brief presents the results of a randomized evaluation of the CRP's social and environmental outcomes.

  • [Bibliography] 15 years of Indonesia's National Community-Driven Development Programs: The Kecamatan Development Program (KDP), The National Program for Community Empowerment (PNPM)

    This annotated bibliography draws together articles, evaluations, studies, and other materials that reflect the lessons learned from fifteen years of research,covering a broad array of topics connected to KDP and PNPM Mandiri, including program design and management, participation and empowerment, transparency and accountability, microcredit, relations with government and civil society organizations, and the effectiveness of CDD approaches in urban areas and postconflict situations. Most of the materials included here were published by the PNPM Support Facility (PSF), a multi-donor trust fund facility managed by the World Bank on behalf of the Government of Indonesia. All materials included are freely available to the public.