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Village Innovation Program

This program focuses on helping villages use their fiscal transfers to make sound village development investments. The program seeks to enable and incentivize villages to allocate more of their fiscal transfers from the Village Law to entrepreneurship and to improve the technical quality of these activities. The activity provides financing for three platforms:

  1. District-level village innovation platform that will support the institutionalization of the knowledge-sharing functions of the PNPM facilitation and community empowerment activities;
  2. Capacity-building for local technical service providers that will improve their ability to deliver technical services to villages; and
  3. Data that will support the maintenance and use of a dataset on village development needs, priorities, and outputs.

Together, these platforms will improve villages’ capacity to plan (and ultimately use) their fiscal transfers for village development investments with a focus on village entrepreneurship, human capital formation, and village infrastructure.

Stories From The Field

Innovation from Villagers for Village Development

Wednesday, Apr 18, 2018 Author: Fibria Heliani Co-Author: Lingga Suyud, Muhammad Ikhwan Maulana

To accelerate village development and the efficient and more innovative use of village funds, the Ministry of Villages, Development of Disadvantaged Regions and Transmigration promoted Gerakan Inovasi Desa at the Bursa Inovasi Desa (BID) in North Halmahera District at the end of 2017 as part of the soft launch of Program Inovasi Desa or Village Innovation Program (VIP).

BID is an integral part of village innovation and knowledge management of the VIP that provides a learning environment for villages to exchange innovative ways and creative solutions in infrastructure, human capital and basic service delivery, as well as entrepreneurship and local economic development sectors. Villages are inspired and encouraged from this knowledge exchange to replicate or adopt innovations, document them, introduce technical expertise available and make new innovative solutions.  Throughout 2017, Bursa Inovasi Desa is held in district level and in 2018, it would be held in sub-district level.

Program Inovasi Desa is implemented in 33 provinces, 434 district/municipality and based in 6,453 sub-district in Indonesia.

Innovation Festival Provides Fresh Ideas on How to Use Vital Funds in Indonesian Villages

Wednesday, May 31, 2017 Author: Hera Diani Co-Author: Suryo Utomo, M. Ikhwan Maulana

 

One recent scorching afternoon, a display of colorful squat toilets welcomed curious visitors in the main park of the city of Mataram, in Indonesia’s West Nusa Tenggara province.

These visitors were not looking to buy new toilet bowls, nor were they working on home improvement projects. They were among 350 villagers who went ‘shopping’ for ideas and innovations to improve basic services and infrastructure in their home villages.

The 2017 Village Innovation Festival was organized by the provincial government of West Nusa Tenggara, in collaboration with the Generasi Cerdas dan Sehat Program. Support came from the World Bank, the Government of Australia and Millennium Challenge Account Indonesia. The festival highlighted innovative solutions to address some of the most pressing development challenges faced by village communities.

At the heart of the festival was the implementation of the Village Law (Law No. 6 of 2014 on Villages), which governs the disbursement of village funds in more than 74,000 villages. The law increases the authority and responsibility of the communities on how to spend their village funds. Many believe the village law has the potential to address rural inequality in Indonesia.   

Visitors exchanged ideas and know-how on ways to use village funds more effectively to meet their needs, particularly in improving basic social services, and in addressing poverty and inequality.

As I went stall hopping, I was impressed by the creative ideas and the villagers’ dedication to overcome the various constraints they face for public services.

Cutting edge technology may not be the festival’s buzzword but the gathering was not short on solutions that were simple, creative, and applicable to their needs.

I met health worker Sri Santiani, who set up the Maternity Savings Fund (Tabulin), after witnessing how many mothers and expecting mothers experienced the burden paying for the cost of maternity and child care services. 

Sri got the idea of a savings program after seeing that many mothers do not have government health insurance, or that they do could not afford to pay insurance premiums. Tabulin helps mothers save up for maternity services. Women can also tap into the savings program for other needs.

The crowd’s favorite was the ‘Contract Midwife’ initiative. The idea was coined by Nonong Muhaemin, a health worker whose village had struggled with high incidences of maternal deaths due to lack of health facilities. The nearest community health center from his Tokolok Village is about 25 kilometers (15.5 miles) away through difficult terrain.

After Nonong’s village revived the health post service (posyandu) and recruited a midwife exclusively for their village, there were no more cases of maternal deaths during childbirth, and the number of high-risk pregnancies and severely underweight babies/toddlers have also significantly decreased.

Initially the midwife’s salary was paid through the Generasi program, but after seeing the benefits, they now use their own village fund.

Meanwhile, in Mekarsari Village in Suela District, Lombok Timur Regency, an elementary school principal, Sabirin, came up with the idea of a ‘school without walls’.

His village did not have a junior high school. With the nearest being 10 kilometers (6 miles) away, many families could not afford the transportation cost to send their kids to school. Without the prospect of secondary education, many children got married after graduating from elementary school, but got divorced soon afterwards – financial and job insecurity being the main reasons.

Sabirin asked the children if they would continue their education if there was a junior high school in the village and he was met with enthusiasm. Subsequently, SMPN Satu Atap (One Roof Junior High School) opened in 2012, a simple thatched-roof hut built through a collective donation from the community, and with support from Generasi.

Providing free tuition to all students, the new school’s impact on the incidence of child marriage is significant. In 2016, no children has gotten married after graduating from elementary school, compared to 10-12 child marriages in previous years. The school is currently still funded by local community.

Back to the toilet bowl stalls. For the record, it was not there to offer new technology on toilets, rather an invitation for financial institutions to fund credit schemes to own toilet bowls in Indonesia, where about 32% of the total population still practice open defecation.

I’d say that’s a neat idea.

 

Source: https://blogs.worldbank.org/eastasiapacific/innovation-festival-provides-fresh-ideas-how-use-vital-funds-indonesian-villages

A Village Community Website Promotes Open Government, Participation and Transparency

Tuesday, May 30, 2017 Author: Wulan Dewi Co-Author: Fibria Heliani, Irfan Kortschak

 

Two years ago, members of the community in the village of Barabali, Central Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, had little opportunity to communicate directly with village government officials. In theory, they could submit their opinions, suggestions, recommendations and criticisms to their hamlet chief, who promised to pass these on to higher-level members of the village government. However, there was usually no direct feedback on this input, so the people had no idea whether it had any impact on how village programs were implemented or whether they had taken their needs into account.

However, with recent developments in technology, some village governments, such as in Barabali, have started to use the Internet to increase transparency and participation by informing the community about village development programs and receiving direct input from citizens. Under the supervision of the village head, Ki Agus Azhar, the Barabali village government has set up a website and ocial media account to enable community members to access information regarding village development programs, to ask questions about these programs, and to submit suggestions and complaints. The village head himself responds directly to many of these inputs. This use of social media has played a powerful role in enabling the community and government agencies to supervise the use of village funds, and to ensure that they are utilized to meet the community’s needs

Building on this successful use of social media, the village government has developed a website that is managed by the village secretary, which contains information on how village funds have been spent; villagers from anywhere in the world can provide feedback. Residents can also use the site to print out official village administration letters at their convenience, including “business statement letters, letters of domicile and police reports”, according to the village secretary. However, since only around 30 percent of community members have access to the Internet through smart phones, the information is also disseminated in other ways, for example by posting it on community announcement boards.

Now that community members can interact directly with village government officials, they are gaining confidence that village government officials will respond to their inputs. As a result, they have become much more motivated and willing to participate in all matters related to village governance, both online and in meetings and face-to-face discussions. This has helped to ensure that the allocation of Village funding is fair and equitable – and is perceived to be so by all members of the community.

Despite the village server’s limited capacity, Barabali is continuing to implement additional measures to ensure open community access to information and “to increase the community’s sense of ownership of the website”, according to the village head. Barabali’s experience has inspired many other village governments throughout Indonesia to develop similar systems for their own communities.

Clean Water for All

Monday, May 29, 2017 Author: Fibria Heliani Co-Author: Wulan Dewi, Irfan Kortschak

 

In 2015 and 2016, in the village of Rempek, North Lombok, to ensure the availability of clean water for the community’s daily activities, the village government allocated village funds to maintain and replace water pipes managed by the Village Municipal Water Corporation. The pipes had been installed in the late 1980s to provide coverage to 16 hamlets in a mountainous area covering a total of 38,000 km2. Before the installation of the pipes, community members had to walk up to 1.5 km from their homes to the nearest reservoir to collect water.

Water is now available to community members in their own houses. The village government helps the residents manage water usage by installing a meter faucet in each house. Residents are charged a flat fee of Rp 800–1,000 per m3, which is waived for public facilities such as mosques or schools. The village government also provides water to households free of charge in special circumstances, such as when a household is conducting a wedding ceremony or funeral.

Taking Care of Our Parents

Friday, May 26, 2017 Author: Fibria Heliani Co-Author: Wulan Dewi, Irfan Kortschak

In the village of Pejanggik, in Central Lombok, the village government has used village funds to provide vitamins and regular twice-yearly medical checkups for older members of the community who are not covered by Indonesia’s health insurance program for the poor and near-poor. Last year, 1,200 elderly people joined the program, of whom only around 300 were covered by the national insurance program.

 

(Foto: Fauzan Ijazah)

Weaving Thread

Wednesday, May 24, 2017 Author: Fibria Heliani Co-Author: Wulan Dewi, Irfan Kortschak

In the village of Loloan, in North Lombok, the village government has allocated Rp 6 million in village funds to provide thread to 10 weavers in the community to increase their working capital. Early this year, the village government provided additional funds to facilitate the purchase of weaving equipment and to pay a senior weaver from the community to conduct training.

 

(Foto: Fauzan Ijazah)

Innovation festival provides fresh ideas on how to use vital funds in Indonesian villages

Sunday, Mar 5, 2017 Author: Fibria Heliani

One recent scorching afternoon, a display of colorful squat toilets welcomed curious visitors in the main park of the city of Mataram, in Indonesia’s West Nusa Tenggara province.

These visitors were not looking to buy new toilet bowls, nor were they working on home improvement projects. They were among 350 villagers who went ‘shopping’ for ideas and innovations to improve basic services and infrastructure in their home villages.  

The 2017 Village Innovation Festival was organized by the provincial government of West Nusa Tenggara, in collaboration with the Generasi Cerdas dan Sehat Program. Support came from the World Bank, the Government of Australia and Millennium Challenge Account Indonesia. The festival highlighted innovative solutions to address some of the most pressing development challenges faced by village communities.

At the heart of the festival was the implementation of the Village Law (Law No. 6 of 2014 on Villages), which governs the disbursement of village funds in more than 74,000 villages. The law increases the authority and responsibility of the communities on how to spend their village funds. Many believe the village law has the potential to address rural inequality in Indonesia.   

Visitors exchanged ideas and know-how on ways to use village funds more effectively to meet their needs, particularly in improving basic social services, and in addressing poverty and inequality.

As I went stall hopping, I was impressed by the creative ideas and the villagers’ dedication to overcome the various constraints they face for public services.

Cutting edge technology may not be the festival’s buzzword but the gathering was not short on solutions that were simple, creative, and applicable to their needs.

I met health worker Sri Santiani, who set up the Maternity Savings Fund (Tabulin), after witnessing how many mothers and expecting mothers experienced the burden paying for the cost of maternity and child care services. 

Sri got the idea of a savings program after seeing that many mothers do not have government health insurance, or that they do could not afford to pay insurance premiums. Tabulin helps mothers save up for maternity services. Women can also tap into the savings program for other needs.

The crowd’s favorite was the ‘Contract Midwife’ initiative.  The idea was coined by Nonong Muhaemin, a health worker whose village had struggled with high incidences of maternal deaths due to lack of health facilities.  The nearest community health center from his Tokolok Village is about 25 kilometers (15.5 miles) away through difficult terrain.

After Nonong’s village revived the health post service (posyandu) and recruited a midwife exclusively for their village, there were no more cases of maternal deaths during childbirth, and the number of high-risk pregnancies and severely underweight babies/toddlers have also significantly decreased.

Initially the midwife’s salary was paid through the Generasi program, but after seeing the benefits, they now use their own village fund.

Meanwhile, in Mekarsari Village in Suela District, Lombok Timur Regency, an elementary school principal, Sabirin, came up with the idea of a ‘school without walls’.

His village did not have a junior high school. With the nearest being 10 kilometers (6 miles) away, many families could not afford the transportation cost to send their kids to school. Without the prospect of secondary education, many children got married after graduating from elementary school, but got divorced soon afterwards – financial and job insecurity being the main reasons.

Sabirin asked the children if they would continue their education if there was a junior high school in the village and he was met with enthusiasm. Subsequently, SMPN Satu Atap (One Roof Junior High School) opened in 2012, a simple thatched-roof hut built through a collective donation from the community, and with support from Generasi.

Providing free tuition to all students, the new school’s impact on the incidence of child marriage is significant. In 2016, no children has gotten married after graduating from elementary school, compared to 10-12 child marriages in previous years. The school is currently still funded by local community.

Back to the toilet bowl stalls. For the record, it was not there to offer new technology on toilets, rather an invitation for financial institutions to fund credit schemes to own toilet bowls in Indonesia, where about 32% of the total population still practice open defecation.

I’d say that’s a neat idea.

Source: https://blogs.worldbank.org/eastasiapacific/innovation-festival-provides-fresh-ideas-how-use-vital-funds-indonesian-villages