Generasi works to empower local communities in poor, rural sub-districts in provinces covered by the project to increase their use of health and education services. The project provides an incentivized, participatory block grant system to meet the health and education needs of women and children in poor, rural areas, as well as financing for capacity building activities at the village level.
The project targets three Millennium Development Goals in which Indonesia’s performance is lagging:
Utilizing agreed-upon targets for 12 health and education indicators, the project promotes community participation in decision-making to identify and implement local solutions to health and education challenges.
The Rempek Village Maternal Health Post (Polindes) in the hamlet of Gelumpang Sanyar (which has 248 inhabitants), in the village of Rempek, Gangga, North Lombok was built using Rp 160 million (US$11,865) in village funds. Supplies such as cabinets, tables, and chairs were purchased using the village funds, while the medical equipment and medicines were provided by the sub-district community health centre (puskesmas) with support from Ministry of Villages, Development of Disadvantages Regions and Transmigration and the National Family Planning Board.
The Polindes provides a range of basic services for women and children, including antenatal care, childbirth, and contraception. The midwife lives on site, therefore she is always on call and available. Before the clinic was built, expectant mothers usually had to travel to a facility in the neighbouring hamlet, which is more than a kilometre away.
The Generasi program actively conducts a number of initiatives throughout the community, which has significantly increased awareness of mother and child healthcare. The construction of the facility was proposed at a hamlet-level community meeting consisting entirely of women. The women’s proposal was then put forward at a village-level meeting.
To accommodate accompanying family members, the community also proposed the construction of a gazebo, which was accepted by the village government and built using Rp 18 million (US$1,335) allocated from the village funds in 2015. According to the village head, “In 2016, we allocated almost 50 percent of the total value of the village funds we received for the development of education and health services facilities.”
In 2014, the community in Sengkol Mantang village, Batukliang sub-district in Central Lombok District lobbied the village government to allocate a portion of the village funds to support Nurul, who was born with a disability that affected her legs. The village government accepted the community proposal and allocated a portion of the 2014 village funds to provide her with crutches. In 2016, the village government provided additional support in the form of transportation to school. With the support of the community and the village government, Nurul now has the same opportunities to study as all other members of the community.