Wednesday, Nov 29, 2017 Presenter: Asep Kurniawan
Facilitation is a key element in the Village Law to support village governments and communities to adopt the principles of participation, transparency and accountability in the development processes (planning, implementation, and oversight). In addition, technical facilitation is also needed to help villages plan and implement good quality investments. In the Kecamatan Development Program (KDP)/Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (PNPM) era, good, structured facilitation is an important success factor ensuring that projects reach their development objectives—such as increased access to basic infrastructure and services—while maintaining inclusiveness and openness of the processes. More importantly, the existence of technical facilitators is critical to ensure the quality and effectiveness of projects-funded investments.
Findings from previous Sentinel Village case study on usage of village funds showed that villages still spend a significant portion of their budget on basic infrastructure, such as road and bridges. Although basic infrastructure is still needed in some villages, one of the reasons behind the “persistence” in building road and bridges is often the lack of ideas at the village level on other types of more productive investments. This problem could potentially be addressed by linking villages with existing technical experts from other villages or supra-village. The Sentinel Village conducts a case study to assess and map existing technical experts at the study areas to understand demand and supply of technical facilitation. The objective is to identify options to strengthen technical facilitation.
Key findings suggest that: 1) Demand for technical facilitation at village level varied, with many villages still not aware of their needs for technical expertise to help inform or identify more productive village investments; 2) Supply of some technical expertise is available at the district level (e.g. agriculture, public works, SMEs); however, the number is limited and their role is largely linked with implementing district’s projects, not to support villages; and 3) Other sources of technical experts—such as academics or NGOs—are available in some areas; however, their role is also limited to support the implementation of their own projects.
These findings are discussed further in our knowledge sharing session on Assessing Technical Facilitation Options under the Village Law Implementation: Potentials and Challenges.